1/15/2000: Managing Windows
| 31% of 192 megs is NOT a good sign! Reboot!
how is your system running? There are a few places to check.
In Control Panel>System> the Performance tab shows you your
resources. Know that 68% on a machine with 64 megs of ram
is much different than 68% on a machine with 256 megs of ram.
At 50% there would be cause for concern on the machine with
64 megs of ram. The other item to look at is the line shown
here: Your system is configured for optimal performance. If
it does not say that, it might say something about running
in MS-DOS compatibility mode. This is a problem. A BIG problem.
It usually means that Windows did not identify your IDE controllers
on your motherboard and is not reading your hard drive as
efficiently as it should. It is struggling in other words.
This will make your system unstable and run at about 50% less
efficiency. The cure? Go to Device Manager>Hard disk controllers
and choose to remove the primary and secondary IDE controllers.
When you reboot, Windows will reinstall the drivers for them.
Also, make sure at your motherboard manufacturers website
that there are not drivers that you should have downloaded
or a CD-ROM that came with your motherboard that has the drivers
for your IDE controllers. Many motherboards now come with
drivers for Ultra DMA drives that run better than the default
windows drivers. These can make your hard drive access more
efficient. Check the website for your motherboard.
main purpose of the registry is to record the installation
and placement of your hardware and software. It tells windows
where everything is located. It tells windows what you have
in that box. Without the registry windows would not be able
to find anything. That is why it is so crucial and you have
heard all those warnings about messing with it. However, it
becomes quite messy also. Windows is not good at removing
old entries from the registry. It tends to leave things in
there that are no longer necessary. This is where your hardware
runs into a problem when a program tries to use it and the
program keeps finding an old driver. The trick is to find
the old driver. Again, that is covered in Upgrading for Survival.
are some programs out there that can help you keep it clean.
One being from Microsoft called RegClean.
It removes old unwanted entries. There are other programs
that keep track of your installs and make sure that everything
comes back out. However you need to use them from the very
start of a clean system for them to work completely.
any case, keeping your registry clean reduces the possibility
that Windows will suffer any confusion in running your system.
Quake and the Registry
you understand how Quake installs, you may be better able
to understand what the trouble is, if any. The best things
about Quake is that it does not attach itself to the registry
the way other programs do. Other programs are written to the
registry and if you move that program it won't run because
the registry has recorded its install location and attached
driver files to it in order for it to run. Quake does not
do that. You can move Quake anywhere you like and it will
still run. It runs independently of the registry. The only
thing Quake needs is the drivers to your soundcard and video
card. And it looks for those on its own; it does not rely
on the registry to tell it. This is why, though, it is so
important to have the most current drivers and to have only
one set of them. How many times have you heard "get the latest
drivers"? Well, now you know why. Quake is looking for them.
If it finds some old driver to your last card, it won't work.
And nothing on your computer is psychic -- if you don't make
it nice and simple, the game will find whatever it bumps into
that it thinks is the driver. So clean it up! Now you know
if Quake is giving you driver errors it is because you do
not have the most current drivers or you have some older version
still lurking in windows\system. Reinstalling Quake will simply
put it right back where it was, Windows has nothing to do
with it. Go look for the old drivers and get rid of them.
review one more time how to get rid of old drivers:
Start Menu>Settings>Control Panel>System>Device Manager choose
your Display Adater and choose Remove. Go to Add/remove programs
and uninstall any utilities or drivers for it from there also.
If you receive a Windows error message that it cannot be done
because it is currently in use, you will need to boot in safe
mode and do it there.
To make sure there are no ghosts left in Windows, do a search
in Explorer in Windows\System for words associated with your
card. For example, if your previous card was a Diamond Monster
3D Voodoo 1, then search for the words "Diamond" and "voodoo",
and then delete those files. ****IF you have a Diamond soundcard,
WATCH what you delete; otherwise, you’re in for a reinstall
of your soundcard drivers.
The next step is the registry. Back it up first, just in case:
back up the registry:
Windows 95: Open Windows Explorer, then in "View Menu",
choose "Options" and be sure that the box "Show all file types"
Windows 98: In "View Menu", choose "Folder Options"
and click on the "View" tab, and see that "Show all files"
is checked under "Hidden Files"
1.Be sure the box "Hide MS-DOS file extensions" is
unchecked in both Windows 95/98 and hit "OK"
2.Back in Windows Explorer, go to the Windows folder
3.Copy system.dat and user.dat to a separate directory
(for example: C:\Backup)
To Restore your Windows 95/98 Registry manually:
1.Reboot computer to MS-DOS (hit ALT+F5 or CTRL during
2.At the MS-DOS prompt type: cd windows and hit enter
3.Type: attrib -h -s -r system.dat and hit enterx
4.Type: attrib -h -s -r user.dat and hit enter
5.Type: cd\ and hit enter
6.Type: copy c:\backup\system.dat c:\windows and hit
7.Type: copy c:\backup\user.dat c:\windows and hit
8.Then restart Windows by typing "win" (without quotes)
at the DOS prompt or hit CTRL+ALT+DELETE to reboot